(First semester—even years/3 credits)
The history of intelligence gathering in the modern era. Focus on the history and development of American intelligence agencies. Examination of intelligence gathering methods and use of espionage in the 20th century, both in warfare and in peacetime in relation to national security. Review of the history of major foreign intelligence operations: Soviet and Russian, German, British, French and Israeli. Particular attention to intelligence efforts in the Cold War. Review of post-9/11 developments in intelligence gathering. The growth of the national security state.